IT Operations Definitions

This glossary explains the meaning of key words and phrases that information technology (IT) and business professionals use when discussing IT operations and related software products. You can find additional definitions by visiting WhatIs.com or using the search box below.

  • C

    chaos engineering

    Chaos engineering is the process of testing a distributed system to ensure that the system can withstand unexpected disruptions in function.

  • ChatOps

    ChatOps is the use of chat clients, chatbots and real-time communication tools to facilitate how software development and operation tasks are communicated and executed.

  • Chef (software)

    Chef is an open source systems management and cloud infrastructure automation platform.

  • Cloud Native Computing Foundation (CNCF)

    The Cloud Native Computing Foundation (CNCF) is an open source software foundation that promotes the adoption of cloud-native computing.

  • cloud orchestration (cloud orchestrator)

    Cloud orchestration is the use of programming technology to manage the interconnections and interactions among workloads on public and private cloud infrastructure.

  • ClusterHQ Flocker

    Management of Docker containers can be facilitated with the use of Flocker software – a framework for moving containers across clusters of servers.

  • COBOL (Common Business Oriented Language)

    COBOL (Common Business-Oriented Language) is a high-level programming language for business applications. It was the first popular language designed to be operating system-agnostic and is still in use in many financial and business applications today.

  • compliance automation

    Compliance automation, also known as automated compliance, is a category of software applications that use artificial intelligence (AI) features and technology to simplify compliance procedures.

  • composable infrastructure

    A composable infrastructure is a framework whose physical compute, storage and network fabric resources are treated as services.

  • configuration file

    A configuration file, often shortened to config file, defines the parameters, options, settings and preferences applied to operating systems (OSes), infrastructure devices and applications in an IT context.

  • configuration management (CM)

    Configuration management (CM) is a governance and systems engineering process for ensuring consistency in an operational environment.

  • container (containerization or container-based virtualization)

    Containers are packages that rely on virtual isolation to deploy and run applications that access a shared operating system (OS) kernel without the need for virtual machines (VMs).

  • container image

    A container image is an unchangeable, static file that includes executable code so it can run an isolated process on information technology (IT) infrastructure.

  • Container Linux by CoreOS

    Container Linux by CoreOS, originally named CoreOS Linux, is an open source operating system (OS) that provides the functionality required to deploy and manage applications within containers.

  • container management software

    Container management software is programming that automates the creation, destruction, deployment and scaling of software containers. Containerization is an approach to software development which isolates processes that share an operating system (OS) and binds application or microservices libraries and dependencies into one deployable unit.

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