Scale-Out Apps Definitions

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  • A

    Alpine Linux

    Alpine Linux is a small, security-oriented, lightweight Linux distribution based on the musl libc library and BusyBox utilities platform instead of GNU.

  • Amazon Elastic Container Registry (Amazon ECR)

    Amazon Elastic Container Registry (Amazon ECR) is an AWS product that stores, manages and deploys Docker images, which are managed clusters of Elastic Compute Cloud (EC2) instances.

  • Apache Mesos

    Apache Mesos is a cluster manager that isolates and shares pooled resources from across clusters with applications and frameworks. Mesos is open source and uses schedulers and executors in a master-slave architecture.

  • application containerization (app containerization)

    Application containerization is an OS-level virtualization method used to deploy and run distributed applications without launching an entire virtual machine (VM) for each app.

  • B

    Boot2Docker

    Boot2Docker is a minimalist Linux distribution with the sole purpose to run Docker containers.

  • C

    chaos engineering

    Chaos engineering is the process of testing a distributed system to ensure that the system can withstand unexpected disruptions in function.

  • Cloud Native Computing Foundation (CNCF)

    The Cloud Native Computing Foundation (CNCF) is an open source software foundation that promotes the adoption of cloud-native computing.

  • cloud orchestration (cloud orchestrator)

    Cloud orchestration is the use of programming technology to manage the interconnections and interactions among workloads on public and private cloud infrastructure.

  • ClusterHQ Flocker

    Management of Docker containers can be facilitated with the use of Flocker software – a framework for moving containers across clusters of servers.

  • container image

    A container image is an unchangeable, static file that includes executable code so it can run an isolated process on information technology (IT) infrastructure.

  • Container Linux by CoreOS

    Container Linux by CoreOS, originally named CoreOS Linux, is an open source operating system (OS) that provides the functionality required to deploy and manage applications within containers.

  • container repository

    A container repository is a collection of related container images used to provide different versions of an application.

  • Containers as a Service (CaaS)

    Containers as a service (CaaS) is a cloud service that allows software developers to upload, organize, run, scale, manage and stop containers by using a provider's API calls or a web portal interface.

  • CoreOS rkt

    CoreOS rkt (pronounced rocket) is a containerization engine to run application workloads in isolation from the underlying infrastructure.

  • What are containers (container-based virtualization or containerization)?

    Containers are a type of software that can virtually package and isolate applications for deployment.

  • What is container management and why is it important?

    Container management refers to a set of practices that govern and maintain containerization software, and automate the creation, deployment, destruction and scaling of software or systems containers.

  • D

    distributed applications (distributed apps)

    Distributed applications (distributed apps) are applications or software that runs on multiple computers within a network at the same time and can be stored on servers or with cloud computing.

  • Docker

    Docker is an open source software platform to create, deploy and manage virtualized application containers on a common operating system (OS), with an ecosystem of allied tools.

  • Docker Content Trust

    Docker Content Trust is a feature in the Docker containerization platform that enables remote registry content to be digitally signed, ensuring that the content is unaltered and is the most current available version when users access it.

  • Docker Engine

    Docker Engine is the underlying client-server technology that builds and runs containers using Docker's components and services.

  • Docker Hub

    Docker Hub is a cloud-based repository in which Docker users and partners create, test, store and distribute container images.

  • Docker image

    A Docker image is a file, comprised of multiple layers, that is used to execute code in a Docker container.

  • Docker Swarm

    Docker Swarm is a clustering and scheduling tool for Docker containers. Orchestration frees containers from a single host for failover, load balancing and other benefits.

  • E

    event-driven application

    An event-driven application is a computer program that is written to respond to actions generated by the user or the system.

  • G

    Go (programming language)

    Go (also called Golang or Go language) is an open source programming language used for general purpose.

  • Google Kubernetes Engine (GKE)

    Google Kubernetes Engine (GKE) is a management and orchestration system for Docker containers and container clusters that run within Google's public cloud services.

  • H

    hyper-hybrid cloud

    A hyper-hybrid cloud is a complex distributed environment involving multiple and diverse interconnected public and private clouds, often from multiple providers.

  • K

    Kubernetes

    Kubernetes, also referred to as K8s, is an open source system used to manage Linux Containers across private, public and hybrid cloud environments.

  • Kubernetes Node

    A Kubernetes Node is a logical collection of IT resources that supports one or more containers.

  • Kubernetes Operators

    A Kubernetes Operator is a method for application deployment that extends the capabilities of Kubernetes to manage more complex, stateful workloads.

  • Kubernetes Pod

    Kubernetes Pods are the smallest deployable computing units in the open source Kubernetes container scheduling and orchestration environment.

  • Kubernetes scheduler

    Kubernetes scheduler is a part of the open source Kubernetes container orchestration platform that controls performance, capacity and availability through policies and topology awareness.

  • Kubernetes volume

    A Kubernetes volume is a directory that contains data accessible to containers in a given Pod in the orchestration and scheduling platform.

  • L

    Linkerd

    Linkerd is an open-source network proxy developed by Buoyant to be installed as a service mesh. Linkerd is one of the first products to be associated with the term service mesh and supports platforms such as Docker and Kubernetes.

  • Linux Containers Project

    Linux Containers is a project created to provide a distro- and vendor-neutral environment for the development of Linux container technologies.

  • LXD (Linux container hypervisor)

    LXD is an open source container management extension for Linux Containers (LXC).

  • M

    mobile cloud applications

    A mobile cloud application is a software program that is designed to be accessed over the Internet by many types of portable computing devices.

  • N

    Nagios

    Nagios is an open source monitoring system for computer systems.

  • O

    Open Container Initiative

    The Open Container Initiative, formerly known as the Open Container Project, is a Linux Foundation project designed to establish common open standards for container platforms.

  • P

    Perforce Software

    Perforce is a software company that specializes in software configuration management, version control and collaboration products. The company is the recognized market leader in version control within the gaming sector.

  • R

    RancherOS (Linux)

    RancherOS is a lightweight Linux operating system distribution that includes only the necessary libraries and services to deploy and scale containers.

  • Red Hat Atomic Host

    Red Hat Atomic Host is a variant of the Red Hat Enterprise Linux supported, open source operating system, designed to be a minimal OS with optimizations for container hosting.

  • S

    serverless computing

    Serverless computing is an event-driven application design and deployment paradigm in which computing resources are provided as scalable cloud services.

  • service mesh

    A service mesh is a dedicated infrastructure layer that controls service-to-service communication over a network.

  • ServiceNow

    ServiceNow is a cloud-based company that provides software as a service (SaaS) for technical management support.

  • U

    Ubuntu Core

    Ubuntu Core is a transactional version of the Ubuntu Linux OS, made specifically for internet of things (IoT) devices and large container deployments.

  • unikernel

    A unikernel is a library-based operating system that only includes functionalities required by the specific application that runs on it.

  • V

    VMware vSphere Integrated Containers (VIC)

    VMware vSphere Integrated Containers allow an administrator to deploy and manage containers alongside their traditional VMs in vSphere.

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