IT Operations Definitions

This glossary explains the meaning of key words and phrases that information technology (IT) and business professionals use when discussing IT operations and related software products. You can find additional definitions by visiting WhatIs.com or using the search box below.

  • #

    distributed tracing

    Distributed tracing, also called distributed request tracing, is a method for IT and DevOps teams to monitor applications, especially those composed of microservices.

  • A

    agile test automation pyramid

    The agile test automation pyramid is a graphical strategy guide for implementing automated software testing. The model splits types of testing into three layers based on the return on investment (ROI) offered by automating that particular type.

  • AIOps (artificial intelligence for IT operations)

    Artificial intelligence for IT operations (AIOps) is an umbrella term for the use of big data analytics, machine learning (ML) and other artificial intelligence (AI) technologies to automate the identification and resolution of common information technology (IT) issues.

  • Alpine Linux

    Alpine Linux is a small, security-oriented, lightweight Linux distribution based on the musl libc library and BusyBox utilities platform instead of GNU.

  • Amazon EC2 Container Registry

    Amazon EC2 Container Registry is an AWS product that stores, manages and deploys private images of Docker containers, which are managed clusters of Elastic Compute Cloud (EC2) instances.

  • Ansible

    Ansible is an open source IT configuration management (CM) and automation platform, provided by Red Hat.

  • Ansible playbook

    An Ansible playbook is an organized unit of scripts that defines work for a server configuration managed by the automation tool Ansible.

  • Apache Mesos

    Apache Mesos is a cluster manager that isolates and shares pooled resources from across clusters with applications and frameworks. Mesos is open source and uses schedulers and executors in a master-slave architecture.

  • application containerization (app containerization)

    Application containerization is an OS-level virtualization method used to deploy and run distributed applications without launching an entire virtual machine (VM) for each app.

  • application monitoring and management (AMM)

    Application monitoring and management is the administrative area and associated tools involved with overseeing the operation of business software and ensuring that it functions and performs as expected.

  • Application Performance Index (Apdex)

    Application Performance Index, also known as Apdex, is an open standard intended to simplify measurement and reports of application performance.

  • AWS CodeDeploy (Amazon Web Services CodeDeploy)

    AWS CodeDeploy is a service that automates code deployments to Elastic Compute Cloud (EC2) and on-premises servers.

  • B

    bare-metal provisioning

    Bare-metal provisioning is the process of installing an operating system (OS) or Type 1 hypervisor directly on a computer's hardware. 

  • blue/green deployment

    A blue/green deployment is a software deployment strategy that relies on two identical production configurations that alternate between active and inactive. One environment is referred to as blue, and the duplicate environment is dubbed green.

  • Boot2Docker

    Boot2Docker is a minimalist Linux distribution with the sole purpose to run Docker containers.

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