A hybrid cloud environment consists of a mix of on-premises, private cloud and public cloud services with orchestration between the platforms. The prefix "hyper" means over or exaggerated and "hybrid" means mixed. As the name implies, the hyper-hybrid cloud has the same elements as the basic model but with more diversity, and more complexity resulting from that diversity. The hyper-hybrid cloud creates additional challenges for enterprise IT in terms of connectivity, interoperability, administration and security.
In a multi-cloud scenario, an enterprise might use Amazon Web Services' (AWS) Simple Storage Service (S3) for data storage, Rackspace OnMetal for cloud databases, Google for big data systems, and an OpenStack private cloud for sensitive on-premises data and applications.
Products and services designed to help an organization deal with the challenges of the hyper-hybrid cloud include:
- Integration platform as a service (iPaaS): a set of cloud-based tools that enables software engineers to deploy, manage, govern and integrate applications and services.
- Cloud integration platform: a product that facilitates the integration of an organization’s onsite (non-cloud-based) business resources with cloud-based resources.
- Cloud broker: a third-party individual or business that acts as an intermediary between the purchaser of a cloud computing service and the sellers of that service.
- Cloud aggregator: a type of cloud broker that packages and integrates multiple cloud computing services into one or more composite services.
- Cloud federation: the practice of interconnecting service providers' cloud environments to load balance traffic and accommodate spikes in demand.