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Linux, Windows Server coexist with cross-skilled management and support

Enterprise IT admins support and manage Linux, Windows Server and other OSes for servers -- often in the same data center. To patch and support a diverse group of server OSes, admins rely on flexible management tools.

Introduction

New developments of interoperability prepare server admins to better handle a mix of Linux, Windows Server. Using Windows Server management on PowerShell should feel familiar to Linux admins versed in command lines, and Bash has arrived on Windows.

For Microsoft shops that add Linux server support into the mix, a good working knowledge of PowerShell will ease the burden. PowerShell can now directly control Linux servers. And experts have advice to share on the best Linux OSes to suit enterprise needs.

Containerization is spreading across OSes too, as native Windows and Mac versions join Linux containers in enterprises, and abstraction technologies make it feasible to run Linux containers on Windows Server. The various and rapidly maturing OS options for containers ensure an admin's job is never boring.

1Windows, Linux server support-

Master mixed server OS management

Server OS vendors have refocused from the Linux versus Windows wars to management tools, container support and automation. Administrators still have a tall order to fill when managing diverse server OS deployments, but they can lessen unexpected issues with strategic patching and updates.

Tip

Run all the OSes you need

In the data center, multiboot servers to enable a heterogeneous OS mix that changes flexibly with IT workloads -- without running up a huge hardware bill. Alternatively, create virtual machines to run Windows Server, Linux and Unix OSes concurrently. Continue Reading

Tip

No one enjoys Windows and Linux patch management

Patches, death and taxes are three certainties in a typical sys admin's life, and IT orgs that support diverse operating systems can bet on painful patching. But it doesn't have to be that way. Continue Reading

Answer

Open maintenance windows to all servers

Put Linux and Unix servers in Microsoft's System Center Configuration Manager and manage Linux server support windows alongside those for Windows Server systems. Continue Reading

Feature

Microsoft explores open source in OS products

Bash on Windows? SQL Server for Linux? Native containerization? For longtime server OS management and support techs, these changes at Microsoft are what happen when two worlds collide. Continue Reading

Blog Post

Windows Server vs. a veritable army of Linux container OSes

Boot2Docker, RancherOS and many other pint-sized Linux operating systems gained territory in data centers with container-ready footprints. But now admins have containerization options in Azure and Windows Server 2016. Is Windows Server the best OS for the job? Continue Reading

Feature

Throw out the book on server OSes and applications

Containers change how administrators support and manage applications on IT infrastructure. With virtualization at the application-OS relationship layer, admins can expect new rules for scaling and backups. Continue Reading

News

Could criminals come Bashing in through Windows?

The Windows Subsystem for Linux gives Windows developers a true Linux command line, via Ubuntu user-mode binaries from Canonical without a Linux kernel. It also risks opening up a new attack vector. Continue Reading

2Linux admins: Start here-

Linux lovers can learn Windows Server management

This might be the best time in Microsoft's history for Linux admins to take on Windows Server management and support tasks. PowerShell, Microsoft's command-line interface, is over a decade old and shows maturity for script execution. Configuration management tools enable administrators to customize less and automate more.

Tip

Take charge of Windows Server systems

Linux administrators can extend configuration management tools to include Windows systems, adding standardization and automation to Windows Server management, script execution, groups and users, and more. Continue Reading

Tip

Explore the world of PowerShell scripts

Linux admins are no strangers to the command line. If you have to run Windows Server to your domain, why not pick up PowerShell? Scripts, cmdlets and modules await your code-savvy attention. Continue Reading

Tip

PowerShell phrasebook: Twenty-five commands for better management, support

PowerShell gives Linux-based admins a familiar method to manage server OSes, but in a foreign language. These 25 commands accomplish common tasks and serve as a basis to become fluent in PowerShell scripting. Continue Reading

Definition

Linux lives on the Windows kernel

IT shops that use Windows 10 run native Linux 64-bit binaries on the Windows kernel via the Windows Subsystem for Linux. Developers will find grep, awk and other Linux commands; the Linux file system; and more functioning within a Windows machine. Continue Reading

Tip

Windows Services fall under PowerShell's automation purview

PowerShell gives administrators the ability to scale up changes to hundreds of machines. To discover and change the services on Windows clients, follow these PowerShell tips. Continue Reading

Tip

Get up to date on System Center

System Center is the management suite for Windows Server operations. The latest version added features such as shielded VMs, storage options for failovers, and more. Continue Reading

3Windows Server: Meet Linux-

Windows experts can pick up Linux server support

A requisite IT tool only runs on Linux. To save costs, the business can run some workloads on licensed Windows Server and others on free Linux OSes. A pilot containerization project uses Linux as the host OS for lower overhead. Whatever the reason, Linux server management is now the Windows Server admin's job.

Tip

Power through Linux server management

Reluctant to invest the time in learning a new suite of Linux server OS tools? Don't bother: Microsoft's PowerShell can execute commands on Linux, local and remote servers. PowerShell Desired State Configuration deploys and manages Linux server OSes alongside Windows Server ones. Continue Reading

Tip

PowerShell for Linux server OSes 101

With the expansion of PowerShell to Linux, Unix and Mac OSes, admins need to understand the differences between each version and how to get PowerShell for their server OS. Continue Reading

Tip

Goodbye GUI; Hello, World!

Perhaps the most difficult part of the transition to Linux server management is shell scripting. Shell scripts can accomplish just about anything on Linux servers -- once you speak the language. Continue Reading

Answer

Work out the kinks for Linux VMs on Hyper-V

Windows Server's Hyper-V hypervisor runs Ubuntu, CentOS, Red Hat Enterprise Linux and other VMs, but that doesn't mean everything works flawlessly. Here are a few of the issues, using RHEL 6.5 on Hyper-V as an example. Continue Reading

Tip

Handle Linux server management at scorching speeds

Microsoft's System Center Orchestrator (SCORCH) can patch Windows Server and then restart a Linux service -- it's all in the integration packs. Continue Reading

4Cloud ops? No problem-

Get help to run Linux, Windows Server on cloud

Public cloud is changing, as Microsoft Azure gains momentum in enterprise IT shops. While Windows-based workloads become more prevalent in public cloud, cloud operations teams still must maintain core Linux skills to work with popular platforms from Amazon, Google and Microsoft. Here's a window into the world of public cloud for a busy cloud ops team.

Feature

The public cloud welcomes Windows workloads

One cloud consultancy says about half of the workloads that clients run in public cloud today are Windows-based, which indicates a shift from cloud's Linux-dominated early years. Continue Reading

Tip

Choose your RHEL cloud provider wisely

Enterprises evaluating RHEL deployment on a public cloud should compare the base image offerings and support limitations from Amazon Web Services, Microsoft Azure and Google Cloud Platform. Continue Reading

Podcast

When Windows Server really means Azure

"Microsoft's big emphasis is getting people onto Azure -- whether it's Windows or Linux or using other Azure services that are more high level that don't care what OS they run on." Hear more from Wes Miller, research analyst at Directions on Microsoft, in this podcast. Continue Reading

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